Journal articles courtesy of:

BC Growers Association


Aramaki H. and others, "Forensic chemical study on Marihuana 1. A detection method of the principal constituents by thin-layer and gas chromatography",     Chemical and Pharmacological Bulletin, vol. 16, No. 5 (1968), pp. 822-826.

Baker P.B., T. A. Gough and B. J. Taylor, "Illicitly imported Cannabis products: some physical and chemical features indicative of their origin", Bulletin on Narcotics (United Nations publication) vol. 32, No. 2 (1980), pp. 31 - 40.

Baker P.B., and others, "Determination of the distribution of cannabinoids in cannabis resin using high-performance liquid chromatography", Journal of Analytical Toxicology, vol. 4, 1980, pp. 145-152.

Barni Comparini I., and F. Centini, "Packed -column chromatography, high-resolution gas chromatography and high-pressure liquid chromatography in comparison for the analysis of cannabis constituents', Forensic Science International, vol. 21, No. 2 (1983), pp. 129-137.

Beutler JA and Der Marderosian AH "Chemotaxonomy of Cannabis 1. Crossbreeding Between Cannabis sativa and C. ruderalis, with Analysis of Cannabinoid Content" Economic Botany, 32(4), 1978, pp. 387-394

Boucher, F., M. Paris & L. Cosson. 1977. Mise an evidence de deux types chimiques chez le  Cannabis sativa originaire d'Afrique du Sud. Phylochemistry 16: 1445-1448.

Brenneisen R., and M. A. Elsohly, "Chromatographic profiles of cannabis of different origins: Part 1', Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 33, No. 6 (1988), pp. 1385-1404.

Bruncton J., Elements de phytochimie et de pharmacognosie (Paris, Lavoisier - collection technique et documentation, 1987.

Buelke J. and others, Marihuana: an Annotated Bibliography (New Jersey, Macmillan, 1976).

Christiansen J. and J. Rafaelsen, "Cannabis metabolites in urine after oral administration" (ST/SOA/SER-S/17, 1969), pp. 1-5.

Clarke E.C.G., Isolation and Identification of Drugs (London, Pharmaceutical Press, 1975), vols. I and II.

Clark, James R. 1983. Age-related changes in trees. Journal of Arboriculture Vol. 9, No. 8 (August 1983) p 201 - 205

Coutselinis A. and C. J. Mims, "The presence of cannabinols in the urine of hashish smokers" (ST/SOA/SER-S/25, 1970), pp. 1-2.

Crombie, L. & W. M. L. Crombie. 1975. Cannabinoid formation in Cannabis sativa grafted inter-racially, and with two Hunulus species. Phytochemistry 14: 409-412.

Croteau, R. 1977. Site of monoterpene biosynthesis in Marjorana hortensis leaves. Pl. Phys. 59:519-520.

Debruyne D., F. Albessard, M.C. Bigot and M. Moulin, "Comparison of three advanced chromatographic techniques for cannabis identification" vol XLVI, No. 2, 1994, pp. 109-121.

Debruyne D., and others, "Identification et differenciation des chanvres resineux et textile: utilisation conjuguee de HPLC et GLC haute resolution", Bulletin des stupefiants, vol. 33, No. 2 (1981), pp. 45-54.

de Zeeuw R.A., Th. M. Malingre and F.W.H.M. Merkus, 1-Tetrahydro- cannabinolic acid, an important component in the evaluation of cannabis products', Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 24, No. 1 (1972), pp. 1-6.

ElSohly MA, Ross SA, Mehmedic Z, Arafat R, Yi B, Banahan BF "Potency trends of delta9-THC and other cannabinoids in confiscated marijuana from 1980-1997." J Forensic Sci 2000 Jan;45(1):24-30.  3rd  National Center for The Development of Natural Products, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Departments of Pharmaceutics, University of  Mississippi, University 38677, USA.

Emboden, W. A. 1974. -Cannaabis--a polytypic genus. Econ. Bot. 28: 304-310.

Fairbairn J.W., J. A. Licbmann and M. G. Ronan, "The stability of cannabis and its preparations in storage', Journal of Pharmacy and ,Pharmacology, vol. 28, 1976, pp. 1-7.

Faubert Maunder M.J., "An improved procedure for the field testing of cannabis", Bulletin on Narcotics, vol. 26, No. 4 (1974), pp. 19 - 26.

Feigl F., Qualitative Analysis by Spot Tests - inorganic and Organic APPlication (Amsterdam, Modern Publishing Company, 1937).

Feigl F., Laborator@. Manual of Spot Tests (New York, Academic Press, 1943).

Fetterman, P. S., E. S. Keith, C. W. Wailer, 0. Guerrtro, N. J. Doorenbos & M. W. Quimby. 1971. Mississippi-grown Cannabis sativa L.: Preliminary observation on chemical definition of phenotype and variations in tetrahydrocannabinol content versus age, sex, and plant part. J. Pharrn. Sci. 60: 1246-1249, and other publications of the Mississippi group, e.g., Turner et al., 1975.

Fetterman P.S., and others, 'Mississippi-grown Cannabis sativa L.: Preliminary observation on chemical definition of phenotype and variations in tetrahydrocannabinol content versus age, sex, and plant part', Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 61, No. 8 (1971), pp. 1246-1249.

Fiorm F.F., and others, "Drug detection on the spot", Health laboratory Science, vol. 9, No. 4 (1972), pp. 240 - 264.

Fortanier EJ and H. Jonkers. 1976. Juvenility and Maturity of Plants as Influenced by their Ontogenetical and Physiological Aging. Department of Horticulture. Agricultural University Wageningen, The Netherlands Publication 427. Acta Horticulture 56, 1976. Juvenility in Woody Perenials

Fullerton, D. 5. & M. G. Kurzman. 1974. The identification and misidentification of marijuana. Contemporary Drug Problems. A Law Quarterly 3: 291-344.

Grote H., and G. Spiteller, 'Neue cannabinoide. II', Journal of Chromatography, vol. 154, 1978, pp. 13-23.

Harvey D.J., 'Comparison of fourteen substituted silyl derivatives for the characterization of alcohols, steroids and cannabinoids by combined gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry', Journal of Chromatography, vol. 147, 1978, pp. 291-298.

Harvey D.J., 'Chemistry, metabolism and pharmacokinctics of the cannabinoids", in Marihuana in Science and Medicine, G. G. Nahas and others, eds. (New York, Raven Press, 1984), pp. 37-107.

Harvey D.J., "Stability of cannabinolds in dried samples of cannabis dating from around 1896-1905", Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 28, 1990, pp. 117-128

Joachimoglu G., J. Kiburis and C. Miras, "Studies on the distribution and excretion of C14-tetrahydrocannabinol in rats" (ST/SOA/SER-S/15, 1967),  pp.1-l1.

Kanter L., M. R. Musumeci and L. E. Hollister, 'Quantitative determination of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and delta-/9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid in marihuana by high-pressure liquid chromatography', Journal of Chromatography, vol. 171, 1979, pp. 504-508.

Lerner, P. 1969. The precise determination of tetrahydrocannabinol in marihuana and hashish. Bull. on Narcotics 21: 39-42.

Mandolino G, Carboni A, Forapani S, Faeti V, Ramalli P,. Identification of DNA markers linked to the male sex in dioecious hemp (Cannabis sativa L.). Theor. Appl. Genet. (1999) 98: 86-92.

Manno J., B. Walsworth and R. Herd, "Analysis and interpretation of the cannabinolic content of confiscated marihuana samples", Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 19, No. 4 (1974), pp. 884 - 890.

Mechoulam R., Marijuana, Chemistry, Pharmacology, Metabolism and Clinical Effects (New York, Academic Press, 1973), p. 147.

Moore R.A. and S. P. Sobol, Analytical Manual (Washington, D. C., Department of Justice, Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs, 1973), pp. 165-168.

Nahas G.G., 'Toxicology and Pharmacology", in Marihuana in Science and Medicine, G.G. Nahas and others, eds. (New York, Raven Press, 1984), pp. 109-246.

Nakabara I., 'Studies on confirmation of cannabis use. 1. Determination of the cannabinoid contents in marijuana cigarette, tar, and ash using high-performance liquid chromatography with clectrochemical detection', Journal of Analytical Toxicology, vol. 9, No. 3 (1985), pp. 121-124.

Novotny M., and others, "Analysis of marijuana samples from different origins by high resolution gas-liquid chromatography for forensic application', Analytical Chemistry, vol. 48, No. 1 (1976), pp. 24-29.

Novotny M and others, "Fractionation and capillary gas chromatographic mass spectrometry characterization of the neutral components in marijuana and tobacco smoke condensates", Journal of Chromatography, vol. 238, 1982, pp. 141-150.

Oroszian P., and others, "Separation, quantitation and isolation of cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa by overpressure layer chromatography", Journal of Chromatography, vol. 388, No. 1 (1987), pp. 217-224.

Paris, M., F. Boucher & L. Cosson. 1975. The constituents of Cannabis saliva pollen. Econ. Bot. 29: 245-253.

Paris M.R. and R. R. Paris, 'Importance de la chromatographic pour l'etude des constituents du cannabis sativa L', Bulletin de la Societe chimique de France, vol. 1, 1973, pp. 118-122.

Parker K.D. and others, "Rapport preliminaire sur la separation et la determination quantitative par la chromatographic sur couches minces et la chromatographic en phase gazeuse des constituents cannabiniques presents dans la plante ou ajoutes a l'urine', Bulletin des stupefiants, vol. 20, No. 4 (1968), pp. 7-12.

Pe, Win.  "A rapid method of screening blood and urine samples for narcotic analgesics", Journal of Forensic Science Society, vol. 23, 1983, pp. 221 - 224.

Pe, Win. "Use of descending thin layer chromatography for indentification of cannabinoids". Bulletin on Narcotics (United Nations publications) vol 37 No.4 (1985) pp 83-86.

Sakamoto K, Shimomura K, Komeda Y, Kamada H, and Satoh S. 1995. A male-associated dna sequence in a dioecious plant, Cannabis sativa L. Plant Cell Physiol. 36(8): 1549-1554

Schultes, R. E., W. M. Klein, T. Plowman & T. E. Lockwood. 1974. Cannabis: An example of taxonomic neglect. Bot. Mus. Leafl. 23: 337~367.

Shoyama, Y., M. Yagi & 1. Nishioka. 1974. Biosynthesis of cannabinoid acids. Phytochemistry 14: 2189-2192.

Small, E. 1972. lnterfertility and chromosomal uniformity in Cannabis. Canad. J. Bot. 50: 1947-1949.

Small E., & H. D. Beekstead. 1973. Common cannabinoid phenotypes in 350 stocks of Cannabis. Lloydia 36: 144-165.

Small E.,  H. D. Beekstead & A. Chan. 1975. The evolution of cannabinoid phenotypes in Cannabis. Econ. Bot. 29: 219-232.

Small, E. & A. Cronquist. 1976. A practical and natural taxonomy for Cannabis. Taxon 25: 405 -435.

Smith R.N.,  and C. G. Vaughan, "High-pressure liquid chromatography of cannabis: quantitative analysis of acidic and neutral cannabinoids", Journal of Chromatography, vol. 129, 1976, pp. 347-354.

Stahl E., Drug Analysis by Chromatography and Microscopy (Michigan, Ann Arbor Science Publishers, 1973).

Stone H.M., "An investigation into forensic chemical problems associated with cannabis" (ST/SOA/SER-S/18, 1969), pp. 1 -28.

Stromberg L., "Minor components of cannabis resin. VI. Mass spectro-metric data and gas chromatographic retention times of components eluted after cannabinol", Journal of Chromatography, vol. 121, 1976, pp. 313-322.

Tewari S.N., and J. D. Sharma, 'Separation and identification of cannabinoids from Cannabis indica L. by thin-layer chromatography", Pharmazie, vol. 34, No. 1 (1979), pp. 54-55.

Tewari S.N., and J. D. Sharma, "Specific colour reactions for the detection and identification of micro-quantities of cannabis preparations", Pharmazie, vol. 34,
1979, pp. 196 - 197.

Tewari S.N., and J.D. Sharma. "Spot tests for cannabis materials" Bulletin on Narcotics, Vol 34 No 3 1982 pp 109-112

The Use of Cannabis: Report of a WHO Scientific Group, World Health Organization Technical Report Series No. 478 (Geneva, 1971), Geneva, pp. 33-35.

Turner C.E., and K. Hadley, 'Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. II: Absence of cannabidiol in an African variant', Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 62, No. 2 (1973),-pp. 251-255.

Turner, C. E., K. W. Hadley, J. H. Holley, S. Billets & M. L. Mole. 1975. Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. VIII. Possible biological application of a new method to separate cannabidiol and cannabichromene. 3. Pharm. Sci. 64: 810-814.

Turner, J. C., J. K. Hemphill & P. G. Mahiberg. 1977. Gland distribution and cannabinoid content in clones of Cannabis sativa L. Amer. J. Bot. 64: 687-693.

Turner, J., J. Hemphill and P. Mahlberg. Interrelationships of glandular trichomes and cannabinoid content II. Developing vegetative leaves of Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaceae). Bulletin on narcotics, 33:3:63-71, 1981.

Turner, C.E., H.N. Elsohly, and G.S. Lewis. "Constituents of Cannabis sativa L., XX: the cannabinoidcontent of Mexican variants grown in Mexico and in
Mississippi, United States of America" Bulletin on Narcotics, vol. 34, No.1 pp 45-59 1982

Vree, T. B. 1977. Mass spectrometry of cannabinoids. J. Pharm. Sci. 66: 1444-1450.

Vree T.B., and others, "Gas chromatography of cannabis constituents and their synthetic derivatives', Journal of Chromatography, vol. 74, 1972, pp. 209-224.

Vree T.B., and others, "Identification in hashish of tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and cannabinol analogues with a methyl side -chain", Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 24, No. 1 (1972), pp. 7-12.




Poehlman, John Milton. 1995. Breeding Field Crops. The Avi Publishing Company. Inc.

 Ranalli, Paolo. 1999. Advances in Hemp Research. Food Products Press. The Haworth Press, Inc. NY


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Research Publications

Barthakur, N.N.; Arnold, N.P. 1995. Evaporation rate enhancement of water with air ions from a corona discharge. Int. J. Biometeorol. 39:29-33.


Barthakur, N.N.; Arnold, N.P.; Alli, I. 1994. The Indian laburnum (Cassia fistula L.) fruit: an analysis of its chemical constituents. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr. 47:55-62.


Bélair G.; Boivin, G. 1995. Evaluation of Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser for control of carrot weevil adults, Listronotus oregonensis (Le Conte) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in organically grown carrots. Biocontrol Sci.Technol. 5:225-231.


Bélair G.; Khanizadeh, S. 1994. Distribution of plant-parasitic nematodes in strawberry and raspberry fields in Quebec. Phytoprotection 75(2):101-107.


Bélanger, A.; Dextraze, L. 1994. Variation intraspécifique de la composition chimique de l'huile essentielle d'achillée millefeuille. Riv. Ital., EPPOS 5:790-796.


Bélanger, A.; Khanizadeh, S. 1994. Analyse de l'huile essentielle des feuilles de Fragaria ananassa Duch. Riv. Ital., EPPOS 5:784-789.


Benoit D.L.; Cloutier, D.; Recasens, J. 1995. Métodos Alternativos de Represion de las malas hierbas: Escardadores Mecanicos y Técnicas de Evaluacion - Congreso 1995 de la Sociedad Espanola de Malherbologia. 10 pp.


Boivin, G. 1994. Carrot insect pests. Pages 76-80 in Howard, R.J.; Garland, J.A.; Seaman. W.L., eds. Diseases and pests of vegetables in Canada. Entomol. Soc. Can. 554 pp.


Boivin, G.; van Baaren, J.; Nénon, J.-P. 1994. Learning affects how Anaphes nsp. discriminates (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae). Norw. J. Agric. Sci. Suppl. 16:392-393.


Bouchard, D.; Ouedraogo, A.; Boivin, G. 1993. Seasonal development and dispersion pattern of Coniesta ignefusalis (Hamps) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae in pearl millet fields in Burkina Faso. J. Afr. Zool. 107:519-525.


Carisse, O.; Pelletier, J.R. 1994. Tolerance of Venturia inaequalis to fenarimol: baseline sensitivity and sensitivity distribution. Phytoprotection 75:35-43.


Carrière, Y.; Deland, J.-P.; Roff, D.A.; Vincent, C. 1994. Life history costs associated with the evolution of insecticide resistance. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 258(1351):35-40.


Chen. Y.; Barthakur, N.N.; Arnold, N.P. 1994. Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) drying of potato slabs. J. Food Eng. 23:107-119.


Cloutier, S.; Landry, B.S. 1994. Molecular markers applied to plant tissue culture. In Vitro Cell Dev. Biol. 30P(1):32-39.


Côté, J.C., Kim, H.S.; Chung, Y.S. 1994. Isolation and characterization of mutants of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki. Genetics (Life Sci. Adv.) 13:1-7.


Côté J.C.; Kim, H.-S.; Chung, Y.S.; Choi, Y.-K. 1994. An improved method for the purification of insecticidal crystals from Bacillus thuringiensis. J. Life Sci. 2:37-41.


Delhomez N.; Carisse, O.; Lareau, M.; Khanizadeh, S. 1995. Susceptibility of strawberry cultivars and advanced Quebec selections to leaf spot caused by Mycosphaerella fragariae. HortScience 30(3):592-595.


Delourme, R.; Bouchereau, A.; Hubert, N.; Renard, M.; Landry, B.S. 1994. Identification of RAPD markers linked to a fertility restorer gene for the ogura radish cytoplasmic male sterility of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Theor. Appl. Genet. 88:741-748.


Deragon, J.M.; Landry, B.S.; Pellissier, T.; Tutois, S.; Tourmente, S.; et al. 1994. Characterization of a family of SINES retroposons in Brassica napus. J. Mol. Evol. 39:378-386.


Dion, Y.; Landry, B.S.; Gugel, R.K.; Séguin-Swartz, G. 1994. RFLP mapping of blackleg resistance on the canola genome. Blackleg News 2:1-3.


Eddaouiri, M.; Bélanger, A.; Benjilali, B. 1994. La verveine: effet de séchage du matériel végétal sur le rendement en huile essentielle et sa composition chimique. Riv. Ital., EPPOS 5:713-726.


Fournier F.; Boivin, G.; Stewart, R.K. 1994. Comparaison de plans d'échantillonnage séquentiel binomial et de type Iwao pour le dépistage du thrips de l'oignon (Thrips tabaci) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Phytoprotection 75(2):69-78.


Giroux, S.; Coderre, D.; Vincent, C.; Côté, J.C. 1994. Effects of Bacillus thuringiensis var. san diego on predation effectiveness, development and mortality of Coleomegilla macula lengi (Col.: coccinellidae) larvae. Entomophaga 39(1):61-69.


Giroux, S.; Côté, J.C.;Vincent, C.; Coderre, D.; Martel, P. 1994. Effects of the bacteriological insecticide M-One-TM on predation efficiency and mortality of adult Coleomegilla maculata lengi Timberlake (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 87(1):39-43.


Goyette B.; Vigneault, C.; Raghavan, G.S.V. 1994. Effect of argon on gas chromatographic analysis for controlled atmosphere storage. Trans. ASAE 37(4):1221-1224.


Granger, R.L.; Donnelly, D. 1994. Horticulture in Quebec Cover story. HortScience 24(12):1398 and 1563.


Granger, R.L.; Donnelly, D.; Wees, D. 1995. Quebec provincial horticultural associations. Cover story. HortScience 30(4):662 and 931.


Granger, R.L.; Khanizadeh, S.; Carisse, O. 1994. Promising scab resistant apple selection for Quebec, Canada. Fruit Var. J. 48(1):41-42.


Granger, R.L.; Khanizadeh, S.; Groleau, Y. 1994. Early performance of four appple cultivars grafted on the micropropagated Ottawa tree rootstock and trained in two systems. HortScience 29(4):246.


Granger, R.L.; Khanizadeh, S.; Meheriuk, M.; Bérard, L.S.; Dalpé, Y. 1995. The effect of Simazine on the mycorrhizal population in soil beneath an apple canopy. Fruit Var. J. 49(2):90-93.


Khanizadeh, S. 1994. Breeding strawberries for Eastern Central Canada. Euphytica 77:45- 49.


Khanizadeh, S. 1994. Breeding strawberries for Eastern Central Canada. Pages 183-187 in Schmidt, H.; Kellerhals, M., eds. Progress in temperature fruit breeding. Kluwer Academic Publisher, Netherlands.


Khanizadeh, S.; Bélair, G.; Lareau, M. 1994. Relative susceptibility of five strawberry cultivars to Meloidogyne hapla under three soil water deficit levels. Phytoprotection 75(3):133-137.


Khanizadeh, S.; Buszard, D. 1993. Red stele resistant strawberries and their role in epidemiology of Phytophthora fragariea. Acta Hortic. 348:516.


Khanizadeh, S.; Buszard, D. 1994. Chambly Strawberry (patent). Plant Var. J. 13:45-46.


Khanizadeh, S.; Buszard, D.; Zarkadas, C.G. 1994. Seasonal variation of hydrophilic, hydrophobic and charged amino acids in developing apple flower buds. J. Plant Nutr. 17(11):2025-2030.


Khanizadeh, S.; Fortin, J.; Lareau, M.J.; Buszard, D. 1994. Sensory evaluation of six strawberry cultivars after machine harvest. Pages 249-254 in Schmidt, H.; Kellerhals, M., eds.Progress in temperate fruit breeding. Kluwer Academic Publisher, Netherlands.


Khanizadeh, S.; Hamel, C.; Kianmehr, H.; Buszard, D.; Smith, D.L. 1995. Effect of three vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae species and phosphorus on reproductive and vegetative growth of three strawberry cultivars. J. Plant Nutr. 18(6):1073-1079.


Khanizadeh, S.; Lareau, M.; Buszard, D. 1995. Mechanical harvesting and dehulling of six strawberry cultivars after four hand-pickings. HortScience 30(2):234-235.


Khanizadeh, S.; Vigneault, C.; Buszard, D. 1994. An automated system for counting achenes on strawberries. HortScience 29(11):1366.


Khanizadeh, S.; Wees, D. 1995. Horticultural education in Quebec. HortScience 30(4):668- 672.


Kim, H.S.; Côté, J.C.; Chung, Y.S. 1994. Isolation and characterization of mutants of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 76:234-239.


Lamarre, M.; Lareau, M.J. 1994. Fertilization and irrigation of day-neutral strawberries in Quebec. Can. J. Plant Sci. 74(2):365-366.


Lamarre, M.; Lareau, M.J.; Payette, S.; Fortin, C. 1994. Influence de la fertilisation, du paillis et du temps d'échantillonnage sur la composition chimique du fraisier à production continue <<Tribute>> au Québec. Agrosol 7(2):31-37.


Landry, B.L.; Li, R.Q.; Cheung, W.Y.; Granger, R.L. 1994. Phylogeny analysis of 25 apple rootstocks using RAPD markers and tactical gene tagging. Theor. Appl. Genet. 89:847-852.


Landry, B.S.; Khanizadeh, S. 1994. Comparative yield and evaluation of cultural practices for selected fall-planted garlic lines (Allium sativum L. ) in Quebec. Can. J. Plant Sci. 74(2):353-356.


Landry, B.S.; Pauls, K.P. 1995. The identification of the restriction fragment length polymorphisms linked to seed colour genes in Brassica napus. Genome 38:534-542.


Mailloux, G.; Bostanian, N.J.; Binns, M.R. 1995. Density-yield relationships for Colorado potato beetle adults on potatoes. Phytoparasitica 23(2):101-118.


Makhlouf, J.; Zee, J.; Tremblay, N.; Bélanger, A.; Michaud, M.H.; et al. 1995. Some nutritional characteristics of beans, sweet corn and peas (raw, canned and frozen) produced in the province of Quebec. Food Res. Int. 28(3):253-259.


Marshall, P.; Marchand, M.-C.; Lisieczko, Z.; Landry, B.S. 1994. A simple method to estimate the percentage of hybridity in canola (Brassica napus) F1 hybrids. Theor. Appl. Genet. 89:853-858.


Morin, F.; Hamel, C.; Fortin, J.A.; Granger, R.L.; Smith, D.L. 1994. Apple rootstock response to vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a high phosphorus soil. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 119(3):578-583.


Ogilvie, I.S.; Arnold, N.P. 1995. The explorer series of roses from Ottawa and L'Assomption. HortScience 30(1):2 and 175.


Ogilvie, I.S.; Neville, P.A. 1995. 'George Vancouver'. Rose HortScience 30(1):146.


Panneton, B.; Roy, P.M. 1994. Effect of sunlight and storage time on stain size of a dyed spray diluent. Can. Agric. Eng. 36(3):189-191.


Parent, L.E.; Isfan, D.; Tremblay, N.; Karam, A. 1994. Multivariate compositional diagnosis of the carrot crop. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 119(3):420-426.


Prince, R.; Benoit, D.L. 1995. Variations interpopulations de la longueur des aigrettes et des caractéristiques des follicules de l'asclépiade commune. Can. J. Plant Sci. 75:727-730.


Richer-Leclerc, C., co-auteur. 1995. Rusticité et croissance des plantes ligneuses ornementales au Québec. C.P.V.Q. Inc. Atelier REPLOQ. 506 pp.


Richer-Leclerc, C.; Arnold, N.P.; Rioux, J.A. 1994. Growth evaluation of the Norway maple (Acer platanoides L.) under different natural temperature regimes. J. Environ. Hortic. 12(4):203-207.


Richer-Leclerc, C.; Rioux, J.A.; Lapointe, D.; Côté, J.; Guillemette, L.; et al. 1994. Évaluation de la rusticité et de la croissance d'arbustes ornementaux à feuillage caduc. Can. J. Plant Sci. 74(3):615-622.


Rivard, S.R.; Saba-El-Leil, M.K.; Landry, B.S.; Cappadocia, M. 1994. RFLP analyses and segregation of molecular markers in plants produced by in vitro anther culture, selfing and reciprocal crosses of two lines of self-incompatible Solanum chacoenses. Genome 37:775-783.


Roger, C.; Coderre, D.; Vincent, C. 1994. Mortality and predation efficacy of Coleomegilla maculata lengi (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) following pesticide applications J. Econ. Entomol. 87:583-588.


Sorooshzadeh, A.; Arnold, N.P.; Barthakur, N.N. 1995. Calcium distribution in soybean during seed-filling in relation to moisture stress. J. Plant Nutr. 18(3):515-522.


Sow, O.; Bélanger, A.; Benjilali, B.; Ismaili Alaoui, M. 1994. Production de d-bornéol àpartir de l'huile essentielle de Thymus satureoides Coss. Riv. Ital., EPPOS 5:657-678.


St-Onge Sigouin, L.; Bélanger, J.M.R.; Bélanger, A.; Paré, J.R.J. 1994. Procédé assisté par micro-ondes (MAP-TM): oléorésines de graines de céleri et de poivre noir. Riv. Ital., EPPOS 5:114-125.


Todorova, S.I.; Côté, J.C.; Martel, P.; Coderre, D. 1994. Heterogeneity of two Beauveria bassiana strains revealed by biochemical tests, protein profiles and bio-assays on Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Col: Chrysomelidae) and Coleomegilla maculata lengi (Col: Coccinellidae) larvae. Entomophaga 39(2):159-169.


Tremblay, N. 1994. Nutrition minérale des plantes cultivées in Agronomie moderne - bases physiologiques et agronomiques de la production végétale. HATIER-AUPELF-UREF.


van Baaren, J.; Boivin, G.; Nénon, J.P. 1995. Intraspecific hyperparasitism in a primary hymenopteran parasitoid. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 36:237-242.


van Baaren, J.;. Boivin, G.; Nénon, J.-P. 1994. Intra- and interspecific host discrimination in two closely related egg parasitoids. Oecologia 100(3):325-330.


Vigneault, C.; Barkiré, B.; Martel, P. 1995. Méthode de mesure de surface de feuilles utilisées dans l'évaluation d'insecticides. Cah. Agric. 4:53-55.


Vigneault, C.; Gameda, S. 1994. Effect of addition of water on snow compaction. Energy 19(2):187-194.


Vigneault, C.; Panneton, B.; Raghavan, G.S.V. 1994. A method for measuring gas solubility. Can. Agric. Eng. 35(3):199-206.


Zongo, J. O.; Vincent, C.; Stewart, R.K. 1994. Screening of local cultivars for resistance to sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata Rondani (Diptera:Muscidae), in Burkina Faso. Nuisibles-Pests-Pragas 2:101-108.




more refs to clean up and merge with the above:

Andre, C. and A. Vercruysse. Histochemical study of the stalked glandular hairs of the female Cannabis plants, using fast blue salt. Planta medica, 29:361-366, 1976.

DePasquale, A. Ultrastructure of the Cannabis sativa glands. Planta' medica, 25:238-248, 1974.

Malingre, T., et al. The essential oil of Cannabis sativa.  Planta medica, 28:56-61, 1975.

Fairbairn, J. The trichomes and glands of Cannabis sativa L. Bulletin on narcotics, 24:4:29-33, 1972.

Fujita, M. and others. Studies on Cannabis. II. Examination of the narcotic and its related components in hemps, crude drugs and plant organs by gas-liquid chromatography and thin-layer chromatography.  Annual report of the Tokyo College of Pharmacy, 17:238-242, 1967.

Hammond, C. and P. Mahlberg. Morphology of glandular hairs of Cannabis sativa from scanning electron rnicroscopy. American journal of botany, 60:524-528, 1973.

Hammond, C. and P. Mahlberg. Morphogenesis of capitate glandular hairs of Cannabis sativa (Cannabaceae). American journal of botany, 64:1023-1031, 1977.

Hammond, C. and P. Mahlberg. Ultrastructural development of capitate glandular hairs of Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaccae). American journal of botany, 65:140-151, 1978.

Ledbetter, M. and A. Krikorian. Trichornes of Cannabis sativa as viewed with scanning electron microscopy. Phytomorphology, 25:166-176, 1975.

Turner, J., J. Hemphill and P. Mahlberg. Gland distribution and cannabinoid content in clones of Cannabis sativa L. American journal of botany, 64:687-693, 1977.

Turner, J., J. Hemphill and P. Mahlberg. Quantitative determination of cannabinoids in individual glandular trichomes of Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaccae). American joumal of botany, 65:1103-1106, 1978.

Turner, J., J. Hemphill and P. Mahlberg Interrelationships of glandular trichomes and cannabinoid content. I: Developing pistillate bracts of Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaceac). Bulletin on narcotics, 33:2:59-69, 1981.

1 . C. E. Turner and others, "Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. X. Cannabinoid profile of a Mexican variant and its possible correlation to pharmacological activity", Acia Pharmareurica Jugoslavica, vol. 25,1975, p. 7.

2.  C. E. Turner and others, "Constituents of Cannabis sativa XV. Botanical and chemical profile of Indian variants", Planta Medica, vol. 37,1979, p. 217.

3.  C. E. Turner and others, "Constituents of Cannabis sativa XIV. Intrinsic problems in classifying Cannabis based on a single cannabinoid analysis", Journal of Natural Products, vol. 42, 1979, p. 217.

4.  N. J. Doorenbos and others, "Cultivation, extraction, and analysis of Cannabis saliva L.". New York Academy of Sciences Annals. vol. 191, 197 1, pp. 3-14.

5.  C. E. Turner and M. A. Elsobly, "Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XXI. A possible decomposition pathway of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol to cannabinol". Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry, vol. 16,1979, p. 1667.

6.  E. Small and H. D. Beekstead. "Common cannabinoid phenotypes in 350 stocks of Cannabis". Lloydia, vol. 36,1973, p. 144.

7.  5. Guerrero Dayalos and others, "Analysis of a population of Cannabis sativa L. originating from Mexico and cultivated in France", Experientia, vol. 33, No. 12 (1977), pp. 1562-1563



This is really a follow-up on the pollen or anther culture thread, but I thought this should be a new thread to avoid getting overlooked. Here are some interesting references I came across. These, plus many others can be found at

A few examples concerning sex determination are:

Sakamota, K., et al. (1995). A Male-Associated DNA Sequence in a
Dioecious Plant, Cannabis sativa L. Plant Cell Physiology 36(8): 1549-1554.

Sex Determination

Arnoux, M., and Mathieu, G. 1969. Influence du milieu sur le phenotype sexuel de descendance Fl issues du croisement entre types dioiques et monoiques de chanvre (Cannabis sativa L.). Ann. Amerlior. Plantes 19 (1):53-58. (French) [For similar studies, see the same journal, 1966, 16 (2): 123-134, and 16(3):259-262.]

Black, C.A. 1945. Effect of Commercial Fertilisers on the Sex Expression of Hemp. Botan. Gaz. (Sept), pp 114-120.

Borthwick, H.A., and Scully, N.J. 1954. Photoperiodic Responses of Hemp. Botan Gaz (Sept), pp 14-29.

Helsop-Harrison, J. 1956. Auxin and Sexuality in Cannabis sativa. In F.C. Steward, ed. 1971. Plant Physiology, VI, A: 588-597. Academic Press, New York.

Laskowska, R. 1961. Influence of the Age of Pollen and Stigmas on Sex Determination in Hemp. Nature 192:147-148.

Mackay, E.L. 1939. Sex Chromosomes of Cannabis sativa. Amer. J. Botany 26:707-708.

McPhee, H.C. 1924. The influence of the Environment on Sex in Hemp, Cannabis sativa L. J. Agric. Res. 28:1067-1080.

Menzel, M.Y. 1964. Meiotic Chromosomes of Monoecious Kentucky Hemp (Cannabis sativa). Bull. Torrey Botan. Club 90 (3):193-205.

Pritchard, F.J. 1916(7). Change of Sex in Hemp. J. Heredity 7:325-329.

Ram, H.Y., and Jaiswal, V.S. 1972. Induction of Male Flowers on Female Plants of Cannabis sativa by Gibberellins and its Inhibition by Abscisic Acid. Planta 105:263-266.

Ram, H.Y., and Jaiswal, V.S. 1972. Sex Reversal in the Male Plants of Cannabis sativa L. by Ethyl Hydrogen-1-Propylphosphate. Z. Pflanzenphysiol. 68:181-182.

Schaffner, J.H. 1931. The Fluctuation Curve of Sex Reversal in Staminate Hemp Plants Induced by Photoperiodicity. Amer. J. Botany
18:324-430. [For similar studies, see Ohio J. Sci. 25(1925):172-176; Ecology (1923):323-324; Botan. Gaz. 71 (1921):197-291.]

Schaffner, J. H. 1926. The Change of Opposite to Alternate Phylotaxy and Repeated Rejuvenations in Hemp by Means of Changed
Photoperiodicity. Ecology 7(3):315-325.

Small, E. 1972. Infertility and Chromosomal Uniformity in Cannabis. Canad. J. Botany 50 (2):1947.1948

I currently don't have acess to any of these journals, but I suppect many of the questions that have been posted here recently about cannabis genetics could be answered if these references can be located.

Good luck,



9805-2703 Odani, S.; Odani, S. (Department of Home Economics, Faculty of Education, Niigata University, Ikarashi, Niigata 950-21, Japan) Isolation and primary structure of a methionine-and cystine-rich seed protein of Cannabis sativa. Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, v. 61(4):p. 650-654, 1998 (Eng; 32 ref).

A 10-Kda protin was isolated from resting seeds of hemp (Cannabis sativa) by buffer extraction, gel filtration, ion-exchange chromatography, and reversed-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography. The protein did not inhibit bovine liquid chromatography. The protein did not inhibit bovine trypsin. It consisted of subunits composed of 27 and 61 residues and was held together by two disulfide bonds. The complete amino acid sequence was identified by two disulfide bonds. The complete amino acid sequence was identified by protien analysis, and had 20 mole percent of amino acids containing sulfur. The protein was mot similar to a methionine-rich protein of Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) and to Mabinlin IV, a sweetness-inducing protein of Capparis masaikai. The high methionnine content and the absence of trypsin inhibitory activity suggested that the seed protein can be used to improve the nutritional quality of plant food-stuffs.